Wagons used for Intermodal Services
Intermodal is described as a transport system that uses multiple modes of transportation to move goods without unloading the contents at each change of mode.
In NSW this started off with the introduction of LCL Less than Car Load Containers. These containers were used when a customer did not ship enough goods to make full use of a wagon or van.
The LCL Container was bought to the sellers warehouse by road truck, loaded with goods then taken to the railway yard. It was then loaded onto specially converted flat wagons or into open wagons. At the end of its rail trip, the container was lifted out of the vehicle and either unloaded in the railway yard or loaded onto the back of another road truck and taken to its final destination.
As you can see, the container was moved by 2 forms of transport(Road and Rail). The same scenario is still used today, except larger containers have been developed and the majority of them make their way to the ports for export by sea.
At first, open wagons were used to move LCL containers. S wagons could be loaded with 2 LCLs and K wagons with 3 LCLs. Both 4 wheel and bogie wagon were modified to carry LCLs.
CS S wagon underframe converted to carry 2 LCL Containers.
CKF KF flat wagon modified to carry 3 LCL Containers
ISO (International Standards Organisation) Containers are built to a standard sizing system. These containers are suitable for worldwide use. The LCL container was a standard size too, but larger capacity containers were developed in order to move import/export goods. The railways developed their own designs of ISO Containers for a number of uses, these are covered in the Container section of this website.
The first wagons converted for ISO traffic were 4 wheel wagons, then MLE bogie flat wagons were modified. As this form of container movement became the standard, purpose built bogie container wagons were built.
More recently the term ISO is no longer used. Today, container wagons are referred to by the number of TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivilent Units) that they can carry.
1 TEU Container Wagons
CKF KF 4 Wheel flat wagon modified to carry 1 x 20ft ISO Container
2 TEU Container Wagons
BC/NQBX 1964 Chullora Workshops - Carries ISO Containers
BCX/CBX/NQBX 1966 COMENG Carries ISO Containers
EBC/NQEF 1968 A.E Goodwin Electrically Powered ISO Containers
ECM/NQEF 1971 COMENG - Carries Electrically Powered ISO Containers
ECX/NQCX 1971 Carry Electrically Powered ISO Containers
GME/NQUF MLE flat wagon modified to carry ISO Containers
ICX/NQIX 1968-80 Various builders
OSF/NQSF BSV underframes converted to carry ISO Containers
NQHX Strengthened NQIX for concentrate container traffic
NQIY NQIX fitted with high-speed 2CM/YCM bogies
NQIW 1988 Lansdowne Eng 2TEU Container Wagon
NQJX - 1999 ex- BDX/NOBX Open wagons converted to container wagons
NQRX Converted JLX Louvre Vans to container wagons
NQYY/NQTY ex-NODYs converted to container wagons
NQZA ex- GLX/LLV/HLX Louvre vans converted to container wagons
3 TEU Container Wagons
NQAY NSWs first skeletal deck container wagon
NQBY ex OCY/NQOY
CFX/NQFX 1975 EPT 3 x 20ft Container flat with bulkheads for other loadings
NQFF Rebuilt NQFX
NQGY ex OCY/NQOY
NQKY ex CDY/NOCY
OCX/NQOX 1969-75 Various builders 3 x 20ft ISO Containers
NQPY modified NQFF
NQSY ex OCY/NQOY
CQBY 2000/4 QRRS 3TEU Container Wagon
CQGY 2001-02 CFCLA 3TEU Container wagon
RQHY 2005 QRRS 3TEU Container Wagon
RQRY 2007 Bradken 3TEU Container Wagon NEW
4 TEU Container Wagons
JCW/NQJW 1973-81 COMENG/Mittagong Eng 80ft Container wagon
NQWW Wide Deck version of the JCW/NQJW.
The Flexivan concept was an extension of the LCL container idea, but full road truck trailers were to be transported by rail without being unloaded. More details can be found in the Container section of this site, but basically, the trailer body slid off the trailer chassis, onto a railway wagon and secured for transport. The reverse was performed at the destination. The concept didnt last long even though all standard gauge states had compatible vehicles. The idea didnt rise again till AN developed its Roadrailer systen in 1993.
TVF/NQVF 1963 A.E Goodwin Flexivan wagon
TVX/NQVX 1965 Clyde Engineering Flexivan wagon
TVX 1969 Clyde Engineering Flexivan wagon