Wagons used in the Coal Industry
As mining techniques improved over time, the amount of coal mined grew. The railways had to keep up with this in order to move the coal efficiently to port or power station.
Coal has been transported in many types of vehicles. Mostly, open wagons were used at first. The coal was hand or mechanically shoveled out of the wagon. Advances were made to speed up unloading times, by modifying vehicles with bottom discharge doors.
The first purpose built 10 ton coal wagons were built from timber, and then timber bodies with a steel underframe, then all steel hoppers were built. The next types of coal hoppers were built from Aluminium. The biggest 120 ton hoppers today are built from Stainless Steel.
Nearly all types of open wagons were used to carry coal see Open Wagons
From these basic open wagons, some were developed specifically for bulk loads like coal. These include
U Steel Open wagon with bottom discharge doors
UT AS above, but with strengthened gunwale
Purpose built coal wagons
LCH 1863 design - Timber Body and underframe non-airbraked
LCH 1890 Timber body, composite underframe with airbrakes
CCH 1902 design, but with hungry boards to increase capacity
FCH Coal/Coke Steel Hopper with demountable gunwale fencing.
Open wagons The only type of bogie open wagon that was purpose built to carry coal was the:
H 1883 Timber body/underframe Side Dump wagon
BCH/NHDA 1951 Various Builders 43 ton Steel (Plain Bearing bogies)
FCH/NHDF 1951 Commonwealth Eng - 55 ton Steel
HCH/NHDF 1960 Clyde Eng - 76 ton Steel
CH/NHAF 1966 (type 1) Tulloch Ltd 76 ton Aluminium
CH/NHAF 1967 (type 2) A.E Goodwin 76 ton Aluminium
CH/NHEF 1969 (type 3) Tulloch Ltd 76 ton Aluminium
PCH/NHPF 1968 TULLOCH Ltd AusTen 50 Steel Alloy Prototype 90 ton
CHS/NHCF 1976 (type 1) Commonwealth Eng 97 ton Stainless Steel
CHS/NHVF 1976 (type 2) Vickers Scotts (QLD) 95 ton Medtens Steel
CHS /NHGF 1976 (type 3) A.Goninan 100 ton Austen Steel
CTS/NHTF 1977 Transfield 75 ton Aluminium
NHHF 1982 Mittagong Eng 75 ton Aluminium
NHFF 1983 EPT 100 ton Stainless Steel
NHFH NHFF with upgraded bogies
NHJF NHFFs allocated to western and southern area coalfields.
NHKF 1987 Goninan 100 ton Coal Hopper
NHMH 1991 Tomago Aluminium - prototype 100 ton hoppers with Alcan emblems.
NHPH 1999 Goninan 120 ton 8-pack hoppers.
NHQH 2001 Goninan 120 ton 4-pack version of the NHPH
NHRH 1994 Goninan 120 ton 7-pack Batwing coal hopper.
NHSH NHFFs allocated to western and southern area coalfields.
NHWH 2005 Qiqihar RRW Carbon Steel 120 ton 4-pack coal hopper
NHYH 2007 Bradkin 120t Bat Girl coal hopper
RHCH ABB 32 x 120 ton 4-pack hopper
RHDF - ex BHP BXLA 92 ton hopper
RHFH Goninan 32 x 120 ton 2-pack hopper
RHHH 2002 Qiqihar RRW 50 x 120 ton 2-pack hopper
BXLA BHP Steel Coal Hopper
QHAF ex QR VAO Coal Hopper (Pneumatic doors)
QHAH 2004 QR National 120-ton Stainless Steel
QHBF ex QR VAO (Manual doors)
PHCH ABB 91 x 120 ton 7-pack built for Nova Coal